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First Cousins Once Removed (and so on)

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This may help you work out what relations other members of your family are to you.

great-great-
grandfather
= great-great-
grandmother
great-
grandfather
= great-
grandmother
great-grand-
uncle or aunt
grandfather = grandmother
grand-uncle
or grand-aunt
first cousin
twice removed
father = mother
uncle
or aunt
first cousin
once removed
second cousin
once removed
self brother
or sister
first cousin second cousin third cousin
son or
daughter
nephew
or niece
first cousin
once removed
second cousin
once removed
third cousin
once removed
grandson or
granddaughter
grand-nephew
or grand-niece
first cousin
twice removed
second cousin
twice removed
third cousin
twice removed

Cousins

To find what cousin another member of your family is to you, find the nearest common ancestor, such as a grandfather or a great-grandfather. Count the number of generations that you and your cousin are from the ancestor. If you are the same number of generations from the ancestor as your cousin, then you are first, second, third or more cousins, where the number is one less than the number of generations that you and your cousin are from the ancestor.

For example, if your nearest common ancestor is your great-grandfather, three generations away, you are second cousins.

If your cousin is a different number of generations from the ancestor, then you are first, second, third or more cousins, where the number is one less than the number of generations that the nearer of you and your cousin is from the ancestor. Your cousin is 'removed' by the number of generations he or she is away from your generation.

Your father's cousin is your first cousin once removed, and so is your cousin's son. If you wish to differentiate, your father's cousin is your first cousin once removed ascending and your cousin's son is your first cousin once removed descending.



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LAST MODIFIED: 17 MAY 2005